It’s not hard to learn the Japanese numbers from 1 to 1000. In fact once you have learnt the numbers from 1 to 10, you only have to learn two more words to be able to say any number up to 1,000. In this article we will show how easy it is to be able to learn Japanese numbers from 1 to 1,000.
First, lets review the numbers from 1 to 10. One, Two, Three are Ichi, Ni, San. Four, Five and Six are Yon, Go and Roku. Seven, Eight, Nine are Nana, Hachi and Kyu. Ten is Ju. Once you have learnt the numbers from 1 to 10, you have actually all you need to know to be able to say the numbers from 10 to 20. To see how, lets take eleven. To say eleven in Japanese, you say 10 1 (e.g. 10 and 1 put together makes eleven), hachi-papa that is Ju followed by Ichi, which is Juichi. You already knew the words for ten and one, so making eleven is easy right? It’s the same from eleven to nineteen. So for example, 12 is Juni, 13 is Jusan, 14 is Juyon, 15 is Jugo and so on up to Jukyu for nineteen.
Making the words for twenty to ninety is also easy and you don’t need to learn any new words. For twenty, you say 2 10 as in 2 times 10 which equals 20. So, if we put together 2 and 10 we get Ni and Ju which is Niju. If we make the words for thirty to ninety, we get Sanju, Yonju, Goju, Rokuju, Nanaju, Hachiju and Kyuju.
Now we get to one hundred and we have to learn a new word. The word for one hundred is Hyaku. Making the words for 200 to 900 is the same as making the numbers from 20 to 90. So for example, to make two hundred, we put together two and hundred to make ni and hyaku which is Nihyaku. To make five hundred, put five and hundred together to make Gohyaku. There are a couple of changes in the pronunciation of the numbers to look out for. For three hundred, hyaku becomes byaku so 300 is Sanbyaku. In six hunded roku (six) becomes ropp and so 600 is Ropphyaku and eight hundred hachi (eight) become happ and so Happhyaku.
For 1,000 you have to learn the second new word – Sen is 1000 in Japanese. Now you have got from 1 to 1000 and learnt only two new words and a few changes to the pronunciation of the words you already knew. Of course you need to learn the pronunciation to say the numbers correctly.
Martin Gessner lives in Japan and has been a Japanese learner for many years and is always looking for ways to make Japanese learning more interesting. To learn Japanese numbers and hear a native speaker pronounce the numbers from 1 to 1000 and more simple Japanese